TMG conducted a series of seminars on Spectrum Management and Frequency Monitoring for the National Telecommunication Regulatory Authority in Cairo, Egypt. The seminars focused on how to optimize wireless telecommunications services and spectrum use. The objective was to familiarize the NTRA personnel with the wide range of policy, regulatory, and licensing issues involved in developing and maintaining a sound spectrum management program. The details involved in developing national allocation principles were addressed and the need to reflect them in the national frequency allocation table and in the licensing of systems was stressed. Both commercial and government (military, public safety) uses of spectrum were described. In addition, methods to resolve competing commercial and government demands for access to spectrum were discussed with examples derived from both the United States and within the European Union.